Home / Botanical Names of Spices

Botanical Names of Spices

BOTANICAL NAMES OF SPICES

Spice Picture
English Common Name
Botanical Name
Family Name
Part used as Spice
cardamom-smallCardamom (Small)Elettaria cardamomum MatonZingiberaceaeFruit,Seed
cardamom-largeCardamom (Large)Amomum subulatum RoxbZingiberaceaeFruit,Seed
pepperPepperPiper nigrum L…PiperaceaeFruit
birds-eye-chilliBird’s Eye (Chilli)Capsicum Frute sence L.SolanaceaeFruit
capsicum-chilliCapsicum (Chilli)Capsicum Annuum L.SolanaceaeFruit
chilliChilliCapsicum Annuum L.SolanaceaeFruit
paprikaPaprikaCapsicum Annuum L.SolanaceaeFruit
gingerGingerZingiber officinale Rosc.ZingiberaceaeRhizome
turmericTurmericCurcuma longa L.ZingiberaceaeRhizome
corianderCorianderCoriandrum sativum L.ApiaceaeLeaf & Fruit
cuminCuminCuminum longa L.ApiaceaeFruit
fennelFennelFoeniculum vulgare Mill.ApiaceaeFruit
fenugreekFenugreekTrigonella foenum-graecum L.FabaceaeSeed
celeryCeleryApium graveolens L.ApiaceaeLeaf,Fruit & Stem
aniseedAniseedPimpinella anisum L.ApiaceaeFruit
ajowanAjowanTrachyspermum ammi L.ApiaceaeFruit
carawayCarawayCarum carvi L.ApiaceaeFruit
dillDillAnethum graveolens L.ApiaceaeFruit
cinnamonCinnamonCinnamomum zeylanicum BreynLauraceaeBark
cassiaCassiaCinnamomum cassia. BlumeLauraceaeBark
garlicGarlic Allium sativum L.AlliaceaeBulb
curry-leafCurry leaf Murraya koenigii (L) SprengelRutaceaeLeaf
kokamKokamGarcinia indica ChoisyClusiaceaeRind
mintMintMentha piperita L.LamiaceaeLeaf
mustardMustardBrassica juncea L. CzernBrassicaceaeSeed
parsleyParsleyPetroselinum crispum Mill.ApiaceaeLeaf
pomegranatePomegranatePunica granaum L.PunicaceaeSeed
saffronSaffronCrocus sativus L.LridaceaeStigma
vanillaVanillaVanilla planifolia Andr.OrchidaceaePod
tejpatTejpatCinnamomum tamala (Buch Ham)
Nees & Eberum
LauraceaeBark & Leaf
pepper-longPepper LongPiper longum L.PiperaceaeFruit
star-aniseStar Aniselllicium verum HookllliciaceaeFruit
sweet flagSweet flagAcorus calamus L.AraceaeRhizome
greater-galangaGreater GalangaAlpinia galanga WildZingiberaceaeRhizome
horse-radishHorse RadishArmoracia rusticana GaerthBrassicaceaeRoot
caperCaper Capparis spinosa L.CapparidaceaeFlower buds
clovesClovesSyzygium aromaticum (L)
Merr. & Perry
MyrtaceaeUnopned
Flower bud
asafoetidaAsafoetida
Ferula asafoetida L
Apiaceae
Oleogum resin
from rhizome and thickened root
cambogeCambogeGarcinia cambogia (Gaertn). DesrClusiaceaeRind
hyssopHyssopHyssopus officinalis L.LamiaceaeLeaf
juniper-berryJuniper berryJuniperus communis L.CupressaceaeBerry
bay-leafBay Leaf Laurus nobilis L.LauraceaeLeaf
lovageLovageLevisticum officinale Koth.ApiaceaeLeaf & Stem
marjoramMarjoramMarjorana hortensis Moench.LamiaceaeLeaf
nutmegNutmegMyristica fragrans Houtt.MyristicaceaeSeed
maceMaceMyristica fragrans Houtt.MyristicaceaeAril
basilBasilOcimum basilicum L.LamiaceaeLeaf
poppy-seedPoppy seed Papaver somniferum L.PapaveraceaeSeed
all-spiceAll spicePimenta dioica (L) Merr.MyrtaceaeFruit & Leaf
rosemaryRosemary Rosmarinus officinalis L.LamiaceaeLeaf
sageSageSalvia officinalis L.LamiaceaeLeaf
savorySavorySatureja hortensis L.LamiaceaeLeaf
thymeThymeThymus vulgaris L.LamiaceaeLeaf
oreganoOreganoOriganum vulgare L.LamiaceaeLeaf
tarragonTarragonArtemisia dracunculus L.AsteraceaeLeaf
tamarindTamarindTamarinds indicaCaesalpiniaceaeFruit